Colours in Our World (Montessori NZ)

Use the lesson plan below for inspiration in your Kindergarten / ECE program. Want all your lesson plans in one place? Get our lesson plan book (New Zealand).

Kindergarten / ECE Lesson Plan – Learning colours, Maria Montessori philosophy

Title: “Colours in Our World”

Age Group: Kindergarten/ECE (3-5 Years Old)

Learning Framework: Te Whāriki, New Zealand

Educational Approach: Montessori Method (Maria Montessori)

Learning Outcomes (Based on Te Whāriki):

  1. Well-being – Mana Atua: Children experience an environment where their health is promoted, their emotional well-being is nurtured, and they are kept safe from harm.
  2. Belonging – Mana Whenua: Children and their families experience an environment where they feel accepted and where connections with the features of the natural and social environment of Aotearoa New Zealand are explored and celebrated.
  3. Contribution – Mana Tangata: Children experience an environment where they are encouraged to work alongside others and to learn with and from each other.
  4. Communication – Mana Reo: Children experience an environment where they develop non-verbal and verbal communication skills, are listened to, and begin to understand simple symbols, letters and numbers.
  5. Exploration – Mana Aotūroa: Children experience an environment where their play is valued, their creativity and learning is encouraged, they gain confidence in and control of their bodies, learn to use a range of tools and materials, and learn strategies for active exploration and thinking.

Resources Needed:

  • Montessori colour tablets
  • Art materials (paint, crayons, coloured paper)
  • Real-life objects of different colours
  • Colourful children’s literature
  • Fruits and vegetables of different colours

Lesson Plan:

1. Introduction (15 minutes)

Begin with a group discussion about colours, inviting children to share their existing knowledge and experience of different colours.

2. Montessori Colour Tablets (30 minutes)

Introduce the Montessori colour tablets. Allow children to explore, sort and match the tablets according to colour. This fosters visual discrimination and independent learning.

3. Colour Exploration (30 minutes)

Organise a colour exploration activity. Encourage children to find and collect objects of specific colours in the classroom or outdoor environment. This promotes observational skills and understanding of colours.

4. Artistic Expression (45 minutes)

Set up an art station where children can create their own artworks focusing on colours. Provide various art materials and let children experiment with mixing colours.

5. Story Time (30 minutes)

Read a storybook that uses colours significantly, like “Brown Bear, Brown Bear, What Do You See?” by Eric Carle. Discuss the story and colours with the children, fostering language and cognitive skills.

6. Taste Exploration (30 minutes)

Provide samples of fruits and vegetables in different colours. Discuss the different colours and why eating a rainbow of foods is good for our health.

7. Reflection and Sharing (30 minutes)

At the end of the session, encourage children to share their artworks and discuss what they learned about colours. This promotes communication skills and reinforces learning.


Assessment will be ongoing through observation of children’s engagement, understanding, and participation in activities. Photographs of their activities and artworks can be taken for documentation.

Alignment with Montessori Philosophy:

The lesson aligns with Montessori’s philosophy by promoting hands-on learning, independence, and discovery. The use of Montessori colour tablets, real-life objects, and sensory-based activities are all congruent with Montessori’s approach.

Link to Te Whāriki:

This lesson supports the key strands of Te Whāriki by promoting well-being (Mana Atua) through safe and healthy activities, belonging (Mana Whenua) by connecting to the natural world through colours, contribution (Mana Tangata) by working together in activities, communication (Mana Reo) by encouraging verbal expression and understanding of colours, and exploration (Mana Aotūroa) by fostering creative thinking and learning through discovery.


New Zealand


Maria Montessori


Te Whāriki (New Zealand)