Discovering December: Unraveling Important Events (Montessori USA)

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Preschool / Pre-Primary / Nursery / Pre-Kindergarten Lesson Plan – Lesson Plan on December (Montessori USA), Montessori philosophy

Title:ย “Discovering December: Unraveling Important Events”

Age Group:ย Preschool / Pre-Primary / Nursery / Pre-Kindergarten (3-5 years old)

Learning Framework:ย Early Learning Outcomes Framework (ELOF) – USA

Educational Approach:ย Maria Montessori Approach

Learning Outcomes (Based on ELOF):

  1. Social and Emotional Development:ย Learn to appreciate diversity and culture by understanding various December events and holidays.
  2. Language and Literacy:ย Express thoughts, feelings, and inquiries about December events.
  3. Cognition:ย Understand the cultural and historical context of events like Christmas, Hanukkah, Kwanzaa, and New Year’s Eve.
  4. Perceptual, Motor, and Physical Development:ย Develop fine and gross motor skills through Montessori-based activities.

Resources Needed:

  • Picture books about December holidays
  • Montessori materials (sandpaper letters, practical life materials, etc.)
  • Art supplies (paper, crayons, paint)
  • Real-life objects related to the holidays for sensory exploration

Lesson Plan:

1. Morning Circle Time (15 minutes):

Start with a brief discussion about the month of December and its major events, focusing on Christmas, Hanukkah, Kwanzaa, and New Year’s Eve.

2. Story Time (30 minutes):

Read a picture book about Christmas. Encourage children to express their thoughts and feelings.

3. Montessori Work Period (60 minutes):

Guide children to Montessori materials. Let them choose which ones they want to work with. Focus on the practical life and sensorial materials to enhance fine motor skills and sensory understanding.

4. Outdoor Exploration (30 minutes):

Take children outdoors to explore the winter environment (if applicable), drawing attention to the changes in nature.

5. Lunch and Rest Time (60 minutes):

6. Story Time (30 minutes):

Read a picture book about Hanukkah, Kwanzaa, or New Year’s Eve. Facilitate open-ended conversations to draw out children’s understanding and curiosity.

7. Montessori Work Period (60 minutes):

Provide opportunities to work with Montessori materials related to language, math, and cultural studies, connecting with the stories and themes of December.

8. Art and Craft (30 minutes):

Introduce an art and craft activity related to the discussed holidays, using real-life materials to reinforce the learning.

9. Reflection Time (15 minutes):

Discuss what they learned and created during the day. Show respect for their work by displaying it in a classroom exhibition.


Assess children’s understanding and skills through their engagement with Montessori materials, participation in discussions, and artwork.

Alignment with Montessori Approach:

This plan respects the principles of the Montessori approach by offering child-led learning experiences, using Montessori materials, and incorporating practical life and sensorial activities. It fosters independence, concentration, and respect for diversity.

Link to ELOF:

The lesson covers all domains of the ELOF, promoting holistic development. It particularly supports social-emotional development, language and literacy, cognition, and perceptual, motor, and physical development.






Maria Montessori



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