Embracing Differences with ‘Stellaluna’

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Preschool / Pre-Primary / Nursery / Pre-Kindergarten Lesson Plan – Learning Stellaluna Book, Maria Montessori philosophy

Title:ย “Embracing Differences with ‘Stellaluna'”

Age Group:ย Preschool / Pre-Primary / Nursery / Pre-Kindergarten (3-5 years old)

Learning Framework:ย Early Learning Outcomes Framework (ELOF) – USA

Educational Approach:ย Montessori Method

Learning Outcomes (Based on ELOF):

  1. Language and Literacy Development:ย Through story time, children will engage in active listening, comprehension, and discussion.
  2. Social and Emotional Development:ย The story will promote understanding of friendship, acceptance, and diversity.
  3. Cognitive Development (Science):ย Children will learn about different animals (bats and birds) and their unique traits and behaviors.

Resources Needed:

  • “Stellaluna” by Janell Cannon
  • Art materials for bat and bird craft activity

Lesson Plan:

1. Introduction and Story Reading (15-20 minutes):

Begin by reading “Stellaluna” to the children, allowing for interactions and questions during the reading. The story of the young bat separated from her mother and raised by birds offers opportunities for learning and discussion.

2. Story Discussion (10-15 minutes):

After reading, lead a discussion about the story. Encourage the children to share their thoughts about Stellaluna’s experiences and how she eventually finds her true identity. Use this as a way to introduce the concept of individual differences and acceptance.

3. Bat and Bird Craft Activity (20-30 minutes):

Provide art materials and guide the children in creating their own bats and birds. This hands-on activity aids in their understanding of the physical differences between the two animals. As the children work, continue the discussion about how Stellaluna was different from her bird siblings but was still loved and accepted.

4. Reflective Storytelling (10-15 minutes):

Ask children to pretend they are either a bird or a bat and tell a short story about their day. This creative exercise reinforces the differences and similarities between bats and birds and also fosters language development.

5. Story Reflection (10-15 minutes):

Conclude the lesson by reflecting on the story’s main themes. Discuss the importance of accepting others’ differences and being true to oneself.


Evaluate children’s comprehension of the story and its themes through their participation in discussions, their creative outputs, and their role-playing stories.

Alignment with Montessori Method:

This lesson embraces the Montessori approach by providing hands-on learning, promoting social interaction, and allowing for self-expression. It respects each child’s individuality and encourages them to appreciate the diversity in others.

Link to ELOF:

This lesson aligns with the ELOF domains of Language and Literacy Development (story discussion, creative storytelling), Social and Emotional Development (themes of acceptance and diversity), and Cognitive Development (understanding of different animals and their traits).






Maria Montessori



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