Exploring Friendship and Compassion with ‘Charlotte’s Web’

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Preschool / Pre-Primary / Nursery / Pre-Kindergarten Lesson Plan – Learning Charlotte’s Web Book, Maria Montessori philosophy

Title: “Exploring Friendship and Compassion with ‘Charlotte’s Web'”

Age Group: Preschool / Pre-Primary / Nursery / Pre-Kindergarten (3-5 years old)

Learning Framework: Early Learning Outcomes Framework (ELOF) – USA

Educational Approach: Montessori Method

Learning Outcomes (Based on ELOF):

  1. Language and Literacy: Increase vocabulary and comprehension, enhance storytelling skills, and develop print awareness.
  2. Cognition: Improve reasoning and problem-solving abilities, as well as understand simple cause and effect relationships.
  3. Approaches to Learning: Encourage creativity, initiative, and curiosity.
  4. Social and Emotional Development: Understand and express emotions, learn about empathy, and form positive relationships.

Resources Needed:

  • The book “Charlotte’s Web” by E.B. White
  • Paper and coloring tools
  • Play farm animal sets
  • Materials for simple craft projects (e.g., yarn, twigs, glue, paper plates, etc.)

Lesson Plan:

1. Introduction and Story Reading (30 minutes):

Introduce the book “Charlotte’s Web,” then read aloud selected sections focusing on the theme of friendship and compassion.

2. Story Discussion (30 minutes):

Discuss the story, focusing on the characters’ feelings and actions. Encourage children to share their thoughts about the story, the characters, and the concept of friendship.

3. Role Play (40 minutes):

Using the play farm animal sets, encourage children to role-play scenes from the story, or create their own scenarios inspired by the book. This fosters creativity, social interaction, and comprehension of the book’s themes.

4. Art and Craft Activity (60 minutes):

Have the children create their own “web” using yarn and twigs, where they can write or draw about their friends and the things they like about them. Additionally, they can create farm animal masks using paper plates, depicting their favorite character from the book.

5. Storytelling Activity (40 minutes):

Allow children to retell the story in their own words or create their own story inspired by the book. This encourages creativity, narrative skills, and reinforces understanding of the book’s themes.

6. Reflection and Conclusion (20 minutes):

Discuss what the children learned from the story and activities. Ask them to share their experiences and insights about friendship and compassion.


Evaluate children’s comprehension of the story, their ability to discuss themes related to friendship and compassion, and their creativity and participation in activities.

Alignment with Montessori Method:

This lesson plan encourages self-directed learning, hands-on activities, and collaborative play, following the Montessori philosophy. It provides opportunities for the children to learn through practical activities, interact with peers, and develop their cognitive, language, and social skills.

Link to ELOF:

This lesson plan addresses several domains of the ELOF, including language and literacy, cognition, approaches to learning, and social and emotional development. It aims to provide a well-rounded learning experience that encourages both intellectual and emotional growth.






Maria Montessori



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