From Tiny to Butterfly: Learning with ‘The Very Hungry Caterpillar

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Preschool / Pre-Primary / Nursery / Pre-Kindergarten Lesson Plan – Learning The Very Hungry Caterpillar Book, Maria Montessori philosophy

Title: “From Tiny to Butterfly: Learning with ‘The Very Hungry Caterpillar'”

Age Group: Preschool / Pre-Primary / Nursery / Pre-Kindergarten (3-5 years old)

Learning Framework: Early Learning Outcomes Framework (ELOF) – USA

Educational Approach: Montessori Method

Learning Outcomes (Based on ELOF):

  1. Language and Literacy: Enhance vocabulary and comprehension skills through story discussion.
  2. Cognition: Understand the life cycle of a butterfly.
  3. Perceptual, Motor, and Physical Development: Develop fine motor skills through related hands-on activities.
  4. Approaches to Learning: Develop problem-solving skills and persistence through activities.
  5. Social and Emotional Development: Foster understanding of growth, change, and patience.

Resources Needed:

  • The book “The Very Hungry Caterpillar” by Eric Carle
  • Craft materials (construction paper, crayons, glue, etc.)
  • Real-life caterpillars (if possible), or caterpillar and butterfly models

Lesson Plan:

1. Story Introduction (15 minutes):

Read “The Very Hungry Caterpillar” to the children. Encourage them to interact with the story, make predictions, and ask questions.

2. Story Discussion (15 minutes):

Discuss the story, focusing on the life cycle of a butterfly and the concept of growth and change. Ask the children how the caterpillar changes over time.

3. Craft Activity – Caterpillar to Butterfly Art (30 minutes):

Guide the children to create their own caterpillar to butterfly transformation art. They can draw, color, cut out, and paste a caterpillar and butterfly on their papers. This activity aids in the development of fine motor skills and creative expression.

4. Science Exploration – Observing Life Cycles (20 minutes):

If possible, have a real caterpillar or models of a caterpillar and a butterfly. Let children observe the differences and similarities. Explain the process of metamorphosis. This activity enhances their scientific thinking and observation skills.

5. Reflection and Conclusion (20 minutes):

Revisit the story and discuss the importance of patience, growth, and the magic of nature. Ask the children about their favorite part of the story and the activities.


Evaluate children’s comprehension of the story, their engagement in the discussion, their participation in the art activity, and their reflections on the story and the science exploration.

Alignment with Montessori Method:

This lesson plan aligns with the Montessori method by fostering independent exploration, hands-on learning, and respect for nature. The art and science exploration activities provide sensory experiences, allowing the children to actively participate in their learning process.

Link to ELOF:

The lesson plan engages all five domains of the ELOF – language and literacy, cognition, approaches to learning, social and emotional development, and perceptual, motor, and physical development. This ensures a comprehensive and enriching learning experience for the preschool children.






Maria Montessori



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