Lesson Plan on Grumpy Monkey (Montessori Japan)

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Kindergarten / Yochien / Hoiku Lesson Plan – Lesson Plan on Grumpy Monkey (Montessori Japan), Montessori philosophy

Title: Exploring Emotions with Grumpy Monkey – A Montessori-inspired Lesson Plan for Kindergarten Students in Japan

Grade Level: Kindergarten / Yochien / Hoiku
Subject: Language Arts / Social and Emotional Learning

Curriculum Standards:
This lesson plan aligns with the Japan MEXT (Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology) curriculum standards for Kindergarten, specifically focusing on the following areas:
1. Language Development: Listening, Speaking, Reading, and Writing
2. Social and Emotional Development: Understanding and Expressing Emotions
3. Appreciation of Literature: Exploring Children’s Books

Theorist: Maria Montessori
Maria Montessori’s educational philosophy emphasizes hands-on, child-centered learning, where children are encouraged to explore and discover knowledge at their own pace. This lesson plan incorporates Montessori principles by providing opportunities for active engagement, independent thinking, and self-expression.

Lesson Objectives:
1. To develop students’ language skills through listening, speaking, reading, and writing activities.
2. To enhance students’ social and emotional development by exploring and understanding different emotions.
3. To foster an appreciation for literature by analyzing the central themes in the children’s book, Grumpy Monkey.
4. To encourage independent thinking, creativity, and self-expression through art and role-playing activities.

1. Grumpy Monkey by Suzanne Lang
2. Chart paper and markers
3. Art supplies (crayons, colored pencils, markers, etc.)
4. Construction paper
5. Scissors
6. Glue sticks
7. Storytelling props (optional)


1. Introduction (10 minutes):
a. Begin the lesson by gathering students in a circle and introducing the book, Grumpy Monkey.
b. Show the book cover and ask students to make predictions about the story based on the title and illustrations.
c. Explain that the book explores different emotions and that they will have the opportunity to learn about and express their own emotions.

2. Reading and Discussion (15 minutes):
a. Read aloud Grumpy Monkey, pausing at appropriate moments to engage students in discussions about the characters’ emotions.
b. Use open-ended questions to encourage students to share their thoughts and feelings about the story.
c. Discuss the central themes of the book, such as accepting and expressing emotions, empathy, and friendship.

3. Language Development Activities (20 minutes):
a. Vocabulary Building: Create a word wall with emotions-related words from the book (e.g., grumpy, sad, happy, calm, etc.). Discuss the meanings and encourage students to use these words in sentences.
b. Writing Activity: Provide each student with a small notebook or paper. Ask them to draw and write about a time when they felt grumpy or another emotion from the book. Encourage them to express their feelings using words and illustrations.

4. Art and Craft (15 minutes):
a. Art Expression: Provide students with art supplies and construction paper. Ask them to create a picture that represents their favorite part of the story or a specific emotion from the book. Encourage creativity and self-expression.
b. Display the artwork around the classroom, creating a visual representation of the emotions explored in the book.

5. Role-Playing and Dramatic Play (15 minutes):
a. Divide students into small groups and assign each group a different emotion from the book.
b. Provide props and costumes (optional) related to each emotion.
c. Ask students to create short skits or role-play scenarios that demonstrate the assigned emotion. Encourage them to use their creativity and imagination.

6. Conclusion (5 minutes):
a. Gather students back in a circle and reflect on the lesson.
b. Ask students to share what they learned about emotions and how they can apply this knowledge in their daily lives.
c. Summarize the central themes of the book and emphasize the importance of understanding and expressing emotions.

1. Informal assessment can be conducted throughout the lesson by observing students’ active participation, engagement, and understanding during discussions, writing activities, art expression, and role-playing.
2. Review students’ written work and artwork to assess their ability to express emotions and connect them to the book’s themes.
3. Provide feedback and encouragement to students, focusing on their effort, creativity, and ability to communicate their emotions effectively.

Extension Activities:
1. Encourage students to create their own stories or drawings that explore different emotions.
2. Invite students to share their favorite books that also address emotions and discuss them in class.
3. Collaborate with the school counselor or psychologist to further explore emotions and develop strategies for emotional regulation.

Note: Adapt the lesson plan as needed to suit the specific needs and abilities of your students




MEXT (Japan)


Maria Montessori



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