Lesson Plan on How to Catch a Mermaid (Montessori India)

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Pre-Primary / LKG / UKG / KG Lesson Plan – Lesson Plan on How to Catch a Mermaid (Montessori India), Montessori philosophy

Title: Exploring Central Themes in “How to Catch a Mermaid” – A Montessori-inspired Lesson Plan for Pre-Primary / LKG / UKG / KG Students in India

Curriculum Link:
This lesson plan is designed to align with the Indian National Curriculum Framework (NCF) for Pre-Primary / LKG / UKG / KG students. It specifically focuses on the following learning areas:
1. Language Development: Listening, Speaking, and Reading
2. Cognitive Development: Critical Thinking and Problem Solving
3. Social and Emotional Development: Collaboration and Empathy
4. Creative Development: Imagination and Storytelling

Theorist Link:
This lesson plan incorporates the principles of Maria Montessori, an influential theorist in early childhood education. Montessori’s approach emphasizes hands-on learning, independence, and the integration of various subjects. The activities in this lesson plan aim to foster children’s curiosity, creativity, and social skills, while also promoting language and cognitive development.

By the end of this lesson, students will be able to:
1. Identify and discuss the central themes in the book “How to Catch a Mermaid.”
2. Develop critical thinking skills by analyzing and predicting story events.
3. Enhance language skills through listening, speaking, and reading activities.
4. Foster creativity and imagination through art and storytelling.
5. Collaborate with peers to create a group project related to the book.

1. “How to Catch a Mermaid” by Adam Wallace and Andy Elkerton
2. Chart paper and markers
3. Storytelling props (e.g., puppets, pictures)
4. Art supplies (e.g., colored pencils, crayons, watercolors)
5. Construction paper
6. Glue, scissors, and other craft materials
7. Audio recording of the book (optional)


1. Introduction (10 minutes):
a. Begin by introducing the book “How to Catch a Mermaid” to the students.
b. Show the book cover and ask students to make predictions about the story.
c. Discuss the concept of mermaids and their characteristics, encouraging students to share their ideas.

2. Reading and Listening Activity (15 minutes):
a. Read aloud the book “How to Catch a Mermaid” or play an audio recording.
b. Encourage students to actively listen and engage with the story.
c. Pause at key moments to ask questions and facilitate discussions about the plot, characters, and themes.

3. Critical Thinking and Prediction (15 minutes):
a. Display chart paper and divide it into two columns: “What We Know” and “What We Predict.”
b. Engage students in a brainstorming session to list what they already know about mermaids in the “What We Know” column.
c. Based on the story’s progress, ask students to make predictions about what might happen next and record them in the “What We Predict” column.

4. Art and Craft Activity (20 minutes):
a. Provide art supplies and construction paper to each student.
b. Instruct students to create their own mermaid or underwater scene using their imagination and the materials provided.
c. Encourage students to incorporate elements from the book, such as the characters or settings, into their artwork.

5. Group Project (20 minutes):
a. Divide students into small groups and assign each group a specific scene or event from the book.
b. Instruct each group to create a collaborative artwork or diorama representing their assigned scene.
c. Encourage students to discuss and plan their project together, fostering collaboration and teamwork.

6. Storytelling and Reflection (10 minutes):
a. Provide storytelling props, such as puppets or pictures, related to the book.
b. Allow students to take turns retelling the story using the props, encouraging creativity and language development.
c. Conclude the lesson by facilitating a reflection session, where students can share their thoughts, feelings, and favorite parts of the book.

1. Observe students’ active participation and engagement during discussions and activities.
2. Assess students’ ability to identify and discuss the central themes in the book through their contributions to the brainstorming session and group project.
3. Evaluate students’ artwork and storytelling skills, considering their creativity, use of materials, and ability to retell the story accurately.

Extension Activities:
1. Encourage students to write or dictate their own short stories about mermaids, incorporating the central themes explored in the book.
2. Organize a “Mermaid Day” where students can dress up as mermaids, engage in water play, and participate in related activities.
3. Invite a guest speaker, such as a marine biologist or storyteller, to share more information about mermaids or the ocean.

Note: Adapt the duration of each activity based on the attention span and developmental needs of the students




NCF (India)


Maria Montessori



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